Records otherwise components of entries modified since the 2019 use descriptive text, as for analogy in the COCKLE letter

  1. An objectivesubstance is a compound noun or adjective in which the first element is a noun and the second element is a introduce participle, spoken noun, or broker noun, and which can be rewritten as a condition in which the first element is the object of the verb underlying the second element.
  • Chocolate n. and you can adj. contains a compounds section with the heading ‘Objective’. The compounds listed there include chocolate lover (a person who loves chocolate), chocolate maker (a person who makes chocolate), chocolate making (the action or process of making chocolate), and chocolate seller (a person who sells chocolate).
  • PRAYER letter. step one contains a compounds section with the heading ‘Objective’. The compounds listed there include prayer-answering (that answers prayers), prayer-hearing­ (that hears prayers), and prayer-inventor (a person who invents prayers).

[So it feeling of goal is utilized for the unrevised OED entries and you can for the records modified before 2019. C1b: “With verbal nouns, agent nouns, and participles, building ingredients where cockle expresses the item of your own hidden verb, like in cockle gathering, cockle picker, an such like.; cockle-dining, cockle-picking, etc., adjs.”]


The newest optative are a type always express wanna otherwise notice. Instance, ‘Long alive the latest King!’ possess optative definition, declaring new need that the King often real time for some time go out.

  • Decompose v. 6 is defined as ‘In imprecations or expressions of irritation or impatience, chiefly in optative subple is ‘God rot the lot of them!’, which has the sense ‘I wish that God would rot the lot of them!’


A parasynthetic compound is one created by two or more processes of word formation operating together. In English, it usually denotes an adjective formed using both compounding and derivation.

  • Most parasynthetic adjectives in English are of the form ‘X-Yed’, where X is an adjective, Y is a noun, and the suffix-ed means ‘having or provided with –‘; the suffix applies to the entire adjective + noun compound, and not just to the noun to which it is attached. For example, Black colored adj. has a unique uses section with the heading ‘Parasynthetic’, containing adjectives such as black-haired. Black-haired is formed from the compound black hair and the suffix -ed, and means ‘having black hair’. Further examples of this type are brown-eyed, long-armed, high-backed.
  • The first element can also be a noun (e.g. in balloon-shaped, ‘having a balloon shape’, and rosewood-coloured, ‘having a rosewood colour’) or an adverb (e.g. in strongly-legged, ‘having strong legs’).

[The definition of parasynthetic can be used for the unrevised OED records and in entries changed just before 2019. Records otherwise elements of records changed while the 2019 have fun with detailed text, for example in the Simple adj. C1: “Creating adjectives towards the sense ‘that (a) effortless -‘, because of the merging which have a beneficial noun + -ed, such as effortless-attired, simple-headed, simple-natured, simple-toothed, simple-witted, etc.”]

parenthetical | parenthetically

A parenthetical word, phrase, or clause is inserted into a sentence as an explanation or afterthought, and is usually marked off by brackets, commas, or dashes. Such a word, phrase, or clause is said to be used parenthetically.

  • GASP int. is defined as ‘Used parenthetically to express mock horror, shock, surprise, dismay, etc.’ The illustrative quotations include uses of gasp inside brackets, e.g. ‘Let’s examine this point in the context of (gasp!) a hypothetical’, and uses inside dashes, e.g. ‘ A column about the couple’s decision to-gasp-date other people.’
  • Understand v. 7d, ‘To be familiar with the habits, preferences, behaviour, etc., of (a person)’, is described as ‘Chiefly in introductory or parenthetical statements, as you know me, knowing you, etc.’ An example in a parenthetical statement is ‘If you’ve read as far as this-which I rather doubt, knowing you-you will probably wonder what I’m getting at.’

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